Norway, a large and wealthy kingdom during the middle ages, was devastated by the Black Death, leading to economic decline, and union with first Denmark and Sweden, then just Denmark in the Kalmar union. After the departure of Sweden from the union, Denmark became the dominant partner, and, although Norway was recognised as separate, in terms of its language and laws, Denmark controlled the union.
Norway was originally a hereditary monarchy, but was forced to accept Christian I of Denmark as king, with all subsequent kings to be elected from amongst the previous king’s legitimate sons. In 1536, the fiction of Denmark and Norway being ruled by a single king, but as separate countries with their own laws, was abandoned when Denmark declared Norway a province.
|Monarch||Dates of Reign||Spouse(s)|
|John (or Hans)||21 May 1483 - 20 February 1513||Christina of Savoy|
|CHristian II||22 July 1513 - 20 January 1523||Isabella of Austria|
|Frederik I||20 January 1523 - 10 April 1533||Anna of Brandenburg|
Sophia of Pomerania
|INTERREGNUM||1533 - 1537|
|Christian III||1537 - 1 January 1559||Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg|
|Frederik II||1 January 1559 - 4 April 1588||Sophia of Mecklenburg-Gustrow|
|Christian IV||4 April 1588 - 28 February 1648||Anne-Catherine of Brandenburg|
Kirsten Munk (morganatic)